Yoga

Yoga Sūtra de Patañjali

Patanjali codified knowledge of Yoga in a book of 196 verses called Yoga Sutra. He divides the Yoga into 8 parts, so it is called Ashtanga Yoga, these parts are considered the 8 steps to enlightenment.

 

1. यम: yama – observances and moral disciplines.

Ahimsa- non-violence
Satya- trufhfulness
Asteya- non-stealing
Brahmacharya- celibacy
Aparigaha- non-possessiveness

2. नियम: niyama – commitments and personal discipline.

Saucha- purity, cleansing
Santosha- contentment
Tapas- self-discipline
Svadhyaya- self-study and scripture study
Isvara pranidhana- devotion to God

3.आसन āsana – posture.

4.प्राणायाम prāṇāyāma – breath control.

5.प्रत्याहार, pratyāhāra – abstraction of the senses.

6.धारणा dhāraṇā – concentration.

7.ध्यान dhyāna– meditation.

8. Sसमाधि samādhi  – liberation, illumination.

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